Hidden People of Sino-Burmese Border (Part II)
Ethnic Hani (China) , Akha / Ekaw (Myanmar)
Approximately 400,000 Akha are scattered throughout Asia. About 150,000 of these are located in southern China’s Yunnan Province. In China, the Akha primarily inhabit Xishuangbanna Prefecture. The colorful Akha - called Aini by the Chinese. The government considers them part of the Hani nationality.There are more than 219, 000 Akhas in Myanmar. The Akhas speak the language of Tibeto-Burman that is closely similar to the Lahu and Lisu tribes language. Most of their villages are located in remote Golden Triangle area of Shan State in Myanmar.
Ethnic Jingpo (China) , Kachin / Jingphaw (Myanmar)
The Jingpo are a large ethnic group living in northern Myanmar and areas of western Yunnan Province in south-west China. The Jingpo in these two countries are predominantly Christians or animists, with very little Buddhist influence. In Myanmar, there are more than a million ethnic Kachin people mostly live in Kachin State, a state designated for them, and neighboring Shan State and Sagaing Region. In China, there were 119,209 people counted under the Jingpo nationality in the 1990 census, the official Chinese classification includes members of the Zaiwa, Maru, Lashi, and Bela people groups, in addition to Jingpo proper. Majority of them live in Dehong Jingpo and Dai Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan.
Ethnic Lahu (China, Myanmar)
The Lahu ethnic minority has a population of 453,705 mainly distributed in the Lancang Lahu Autonomous County in Simao Prefecture, Southern Lincang Prefecture and Menghai County in western Xishuangbanna in Yunnan Province. Others live in countries along the Lancang River. There are three subgroups of Lahu live in Myanmar; Lahu Shi (Yellow), Lahu Hpe (White), Lahu Na (Black). Their total population is 223,000 and mainly live in the East of Salween River in Shan State.
Ethnic Lisu (China, Myanmar)
About 730,000 Lisu live in Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture, Lijiang, Baoshan, Diqing, Dehong prefecture in Yunnan Province and also in Sichuan Province of China. In Myanmar, the Lisu population is estimated about 600,000 and live in northern (Namhsam, Lashio, Hopang and Kokang) and southern (Hopong, Loilem, Mongton, Namsang) Shan State, Wa Self Administered Zone, Sagaing Region (Katha, Khamti), Mandalay Region (Mogok and Pyin Oo Lwin) and Kachin State (Putao, Myitkyina, Waimaw).
Ethnic Wa (China, Myanmar)
The Wa are one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by China. In China, the Wa live in compact communities in the Ximeng (in Wa: Mēng Ka or Si Moung), Cangyuan, Menglian (Gaeng Līam), Gengma (Gaeng Mīex or Gaeng Māx), Lincang (Mēng Lām), ShuangJiang (Si Nblāeng or Mēng Mēng), Zhenkang, and Yongde counties in southwestern Yunnan Province in China. Their population in China is estimated at around 400,000. In Burma, the Wa live mostly in Wa Self Administered Division and small villages near Kengtung and north and northeastwards close to the Chinese border, as well as a small area east of Tachileik with an estimated population of 800,000.
Other Minority Groups such as Bai, Yao, Hmong, Yi, Tibetan and Hui minorities can be found in both Chinese and Burmese territories.